Poland – With the lifting of US sanctions against companies involved in the construction of the second Nord Stream gas pipeline linking Russia and Germany via the Baltic Sea, the forthcoming completion of this new link is now almost certain. This lifting of sanctions against works done by the German company Nord Stream 2 AG was announced in the media last week and confirmed this week by Joe Biden himself, as the American president wishes to improve his relations with Germany. Berlin, for its part, has all the more reason to move quickly: the Greens are opposed to the pipeline project – originally scheduled to be completed in 2019 – and some recent polls have shown that they could well win the next elections and be the majority partner in a coalition with the CDU-CSU. The American green light comes at a crucial time, since at the beginning of the year only 160 km of pipelines remained to be laid – on the German side – out of a total length of 1,230 km. In Germany, the last hurdles were already cleared in April with the rejection of lawsuits filed by environmental organizations. The construction of this pipeline is financed half by Gazprom and half by the European companies Uniper, Wintershall-Dea, Royal Dutch Shell, OMV and Engie (formerly GDF Suez). That is why,
when the first US sanctions were introduced in 2018, the chairman of Engie, for example, called such US interference in the European energy market outrageous.